Form: 10-Q

Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

August 3, 2012

Table of Contents

 

 

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2012

 

Commission file number 1-12672

 

AVALONBAY COMMUNITIES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 


 

Maryland

 

77-0404318

(State or other jurisdiction of

 

(I.R.S. Employer

incorporation or organization)

 

Identification No.)

 

Ballston Tower

671 N. Glebe Rd, Suite 800

Arlington, Virginia  22203

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

 

(703) 329-6300

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

(Former name, if changed since last report)

 


 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding twelve (12) months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past ninety (90) days. Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Exchange registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer x

 

Accelerated filer o

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer o

 

Smaller reporting company o

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes o No x

 

APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock as of the latest practicable date:

 

96,909,747 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, were outstanding as of July 31, 2012

 

 

 



Table of Contents

 

AVALONBAY COMMUNITIES, INC.

FORM 10-Q

INDEX

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

Page

Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2012 (unaudited) and December 31, 2011

1

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (unaudited) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011

2

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited) for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011

3-4

 

 

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

5-18

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

19-41

 

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

41

 

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

41

 

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

42

 

 

Item 1a. Risk Factors

42

 

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

42

 

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

43

 

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

43

 

 

Item 5. Other Information

43

 

 

Item 6. Exhibits

44

 

 

Signatures

46

 



Table of Contents

 

AVALONBAY COMMUNITIES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

6-30-12

 

12-31-11

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

Real estate:

 

 

 

 

 

Land

 

$

1,378,785

 

$

1,336,225

 

Buildings and improvements

 

6,956,119

 

6,681,136

 

Furniture, fixtures and equipment

 

243,090

 

226,359

 

 

 

8,577,994

 

8,243,720

 

Less accumulated depreciation

 

(1,947,431

)

(1,820,381

)

Net operating real estate

 

6,630,563

 

6,423,339

 

Construction in progress, including land

 

681,493

 

597,346

 

Land held for development

 

294,116

 

325,918

 

Operating real estate assets held for sale, net

 

—

 

78,427

 

Total real estate, net

 

7,606,172

 

7,425,030

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

358,263

 

616,853

 

Cash in escrow

 

73,691

 

73,400

 

Resident security deposits

 

25,468

 

23,597

 

Investments in unconsolidated real estate entities

 

144,924

 

144,561

 

Deferred financing costs, net

 

29,470

 

33,653

 

Deferred development costs

 

27,677

 

24,770

 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

146,380

 

140,526

 

Total assets

 

$

8,412,045

 

$

8,482,390

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

Unsecured notes, net

 

$

1,450,048

 

$

1,629,210

 

Variable rate unsecured credit facility

 

—

 

—

 

Mortgage notes payable

 

1,912,316

 

1,969,986

 

Dividends payable

 

93,698

 

84,953

 

Payables for construction

 

43,357

 

36,775

 

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

252,696

 

246,214

 

Accrued interest payable

 

30,672

 

34,210

 

Resident security deposits

 

39,702

 

36,620

 

Liabilities related to real estate assets held for sale

 

—

 

35,467

 

Total liabilities

 

3,822,489

 

4,073,435

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Redeemable noncontrolling interests

 

7,316

 

7,063

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; $25 liquidation preference; 50,000,000 shares authorized at both June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011; zero shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively

 

—

 

—

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 140,000,000 shares authorized at both June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011; 96,586,916 and 95,175,677 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively

 

966

 

952

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

4,827,330

 

4,652,457

 

Accumulated earnings less dividends

 

(145,921

)

(171,648

)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(103,809

)

(87,020

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

4,578,566

 

4,394,741

 

Noncontrolling interest

 

3,674

 

7,151

 

Total equity

 

4,582,240

 

4,401,892

 

Total liabilities and equity

 

$

8,412,045

 

$

8,482,390

 

 

See accompanying notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

1



Table of Contents

 

AVALONBAY COMMUNITIES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

 

For the three months ended

 

For the six months ended

 

 

 

6-30-12

 

6-30-11

 

6-30-12

 

6-30-11

 

Revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rental and other income

 

$

256,035

 

$

233,249

 

$

504,052

 

$

457,652

 

Management, development and other fees

 

2,770

 

2,332

 

5,319

 

4,652

 

Total revenue

 

258,805

 

235,581

 

509,371

 

462,304

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses, excluding property taxes

 

68,972

 

63,951

 

134,471

 

127,274

 

Property taxes

 

25,182

 

23,266

 

49,457

 

47,167

 

Interest expense, net

 

33,193

 

44,544

 

66,819

 

87,515

 

Loss on extinguishment of debt, net

 

—

 

—

 

1,179

 

—

 

Depreciation expense

 

64,875

 

60,836

 

127,436

 

120,059

 

General and administrative expense

 

8,316

 

8,145

 

18,026

 

15,437

 

Total expenses

 

200,538

 

200,742

 

397,388

 

397,452

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity in income of unconsolidated entities

 

2,073

 

395

 

4,248

 

898

 

Gain on sale of land

 

280

 

—

 

280

 

—

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations

 

60,620

 

35,234

 

116,511

 

65,750

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Discontinued operations:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from discontinued operations

 

1,152

 

283

 

2,870

 

303

 

Gain on sale of real estate assets

 

95,049

 

7,675

 

95,049

 

7,675

 

Total discontinued operations

 

96,201

 

7,958

 

97,919

 

7,978

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

156,821

 

43,192

 

214,430

 

73,728

 

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

88

 

181

 

237

 

(15

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income attributable to common stockholders

 

$

156,909

 

$

43,373

 

$

214,667

 

$

73,713

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized loss on cash flow hedges

 

(27,798

)

(19,336

)

(16,789

)

(19,420

)

Comprehensive income

 

$

129,111

 

$

24,037

 

$

197,878

 

$

54,293

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share - basic:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders

 

$

0.63

 

$

0.41

 

$

1.22

 

$

0.76

 

Discontinued operations attributable to common stockholders

 

1.01

 

0.09

 

1.03

 

0.09

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income attributable to common stockholders

 

$

1.64

 

$

0.50

 

$

2.25

 

$

0.85

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share - diluted:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders

 

$

0.63

 

$

0.40

 

$

1.22

 

$

0.75

 

Discontinued operations attributable to common stockholders

 

1.00

 

0.09

 

1.02

 

0.09

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income attributable to common stockholders

 

$

1.63

 

$

0.49

 

$

2.24

 

$

0.84

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends per common share:

 

$

0.9700

 

$

0.8925

 

$

1.9400

 

$

1.7850

 

 

See accompanying notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

2



Table of Contents

 

AVALONBAY COMMUNITIES, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

For the six months ended

 

 

 

6-30-12

 

6-30-11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

214,430

 

$

73,728

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation expense

 

127,436

 

120,059

 

Depreciation expense from discontinued operations

 

895

 

4,160

 

Amortization of deferred financing costs and debt premium/discount

 

3,040

 

3,485

 

Amortization of stock-based compensation

 

4,268

 

3,262

 

Loss on extinguishment of debt

 

1,781

 

—

 

Equity in (income) loss of unconsolidated entities and noncontrolling interests, net of eliminations

 

(3,182

)

421

 

Gain on sale of real estate assets

 

(95,329

)

(7,675

)

Expensed acquisition costs

 

163

 

958

 

Increase in cash in operating escrows

 

(1,988

)

(1,144

)

Increase in resident security deposits, prepaid expenses and other assets

 

(20,895

)

(9,943

)

Increase (decrease) in accrued expenses, other liabilities and accrued interest payable

 

(8,151

)

18,568

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

222,468

 

205,879

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Development/redevelopment of real estate assets including land acquisitions and deferred development costs

 

(341,144

)

(266,374

)

Acquisition of real estate assets

 

(37,105

)

(46,275

)

Capital expenditures - existing real estate assets

 

(6,606

)

(7,765

)

Capital expenditures - non-real estate assets

 

(588

)

(7,748

)

Proceeds from exchange/sale of real estate, net of selling costs

 

182,225

 

22,371

 

Increase (decrease) in payables for construction

 

6,582

 

(612

)

Decrease in cash in construction escrows

 

1,697

 

10,917

 

Decrease in investments in unconsolidated real estate entities

 

2,188

 

2,458

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(192,751

)

(293,028

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock

 

175,682

 

264,134

 

Dividends paid

 

(177,322

)

(154,382

)

Repayments of mortgage notes payable

 

(103,621

)

(31,963

)

Repayment of unsecured notes

 

(179,400

)

—

 

Payment of deferred financing costs

 

(123

)

(252

)

Acquisition of joint venture partner equity interest

 

(3,350

)

(6,570

)

Distributions to DownREIT partnership unitholders

 

(15

)

(13

)

Distributions to joint venture and profit-sharing partners

 

(158

)

(127

)

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

 

(288,307

)

70,827

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

(258,590

)

(16,322

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

616,853

 

306,426

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

 

$

358,263

 

$

290,104

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid during the period for interest, net of amount capitalized

 

$

62,012

 

$

76,315

 

 

See accompanying notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

3



Table of Contents

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (continued)

 

Supplemental disclosures of non-cash investing and financing activities (amounts in whole dollars):

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2012:

 

·                  As described in Note 4, “Equity,” 95,941 shares of common stock valued at $12,786,000 were issued in connection with stock grants; 1,336 shares valued at $180,000 were issued through the Company’s dividend reinvestment plan; 120,078 shares valued at $15,458,000 were withheld to satisfy employees’ tax withholding and other liabilities; and 7,558 shares and options valued at $393,000 previously issued in connection with employee compensation were cancelled upon forfeiture. In addition, the Company granted 113,804 options for common stock at a value of $3,306,000.

 

·                  The Company recorded an increase to other liabilities and a corresponding decrease to other comprehensive income of $16,789,000; and recorded a decrease to prepaid expenses and other assets of $11,000, with a corresponding offset to the basis of unsecured notes, net to record the impact of the Company’s hedge accounting activity.

 

·                  Common dividends declared but not paid totaled $93,698,000.

 

·                  The Company recorded an increase of $521,000 in redeemable noncontrolling interests with a corresponding decrease to accumulated earnings less dividends to adjust the redemption value associated with the put option held by a joint venture partner and DownREIT partnership units. For further discussion of the nature and valuation of these items, see Note 10, “Fair Value”.

 

·                  The Company assumed a 4.61% coupon fixed rate mortgage loan with an outstanding balance of $11,958,000 in conjunction with the acquisition of The Mark Pasadena.

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2011:

 

·                  498,810 shares of common stock valued at $63,061,000 were issued in connection with stock grants primarily associated with the Company’s 2008 deferred stock performance plan; 1,809 shares valued at $212,000 were issued through the Company’s dividend reinvestment plan; 126,928 shares valued at $14,825,000 were withheld to satisfy employees’ tax withholding and other liabilities; and 505 shares valued at $16,000 were forfeited.  In addition, the Company granted 144,827 options for common stock at a value of $4,258,000.

 

·                  7,500 units of limited partnership, valued at $365,000 were presented for redemption to the DownREIT partnerships that issued such units and were acquired by the Company in exchange for an equal number of shares of the Company’s common stock.

 

·                  The Company recorded an increase to other liabilities and a corresponding decrease to other comprehensive income of $19,420,000 and recorded an increase to prepaid expenses and other assets of $863,000, with a corresponding offset to the basis of unsecured notes, net to record the impact of the Company’s hedge accounting activity.

 

·                  Common dividends declared but not paid totaled $79,157,000.

 

·                  The Company recorded an increase of $1,218,000 in redeemable noncontrolling interests with a corresponding decrease to accumulated earnings less dividends to adjust the redemption value associated with the put options held by joint venture partners and DownREIT partnership units.

 

·                  The Company repaid all amounts due under a $93,440,000 variable-rate, tax-exempt bond financing using the proceeds which were held in escrow.

 

·                  The Company assumed a 4.75% coupon fixed-rate mortgage loan with an outstanding balance of $44,044,000 in conjunction with the acquisition of Fairfax Towers.

 

·                  As part of an asset exchange in April 2011, the Company assumed a $55,400,000 fixed-rate mortgage loan with a 5.24% interest rate and relinquished a $55,800,000 mortgage loan with a 5.86% fixed rate.

 

4



Table of Contents

 

AVALONBAY COMMUNITIES, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(unaudited)

 

1.  Organization, Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies

 

Organization and Basis of Presentation

 

AvalonBay Communities, Inc. (the “Company,” which term, unless the context otherwise requires, refers to AvalonBay Communities, Inc. together with its consolidated subsidiaries), is a Maryland corporation that elected to be taxed as a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (the “Code”). The Company focuses on the development, acquisition, ownership and operation of apartment communities in high barrier to entry markets of the United States. These markets are located in the New England, Metro New York/New Jersey, Mid-Atlantic, Pacific Northwest, and Northern and Southern California regions of the country.

 

At June 30, 2012, the Company owned or held a direct or indirect ownership interest in 181 operating apartment communities containing 53,144 apartment homes in nine states and the District of Columbia, of which 11 communities containing 2,721 apartment homes were under reconstruction. In addition, the Company owned or held a direct or indirect ownership interest in 20 communities under construction that are expected to contain an aggregate of 6,114 apartment homes when completed. The Company also owned or held a direct or indirect ownership interest in land or rights to land in which the Company expects to develop an additional 33 communities that, if developed as expected, will contain an estimated 9,036 apartment homes.

 

The interim unaudited financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and in conjunction with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements required by GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. These unaudited financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes included in the Company’s 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full year. Management believes the disclosures are adequate to ensure the information presented is not misleading.  In the opinion of management, all adjustments and eliminations, consisting only of normal, recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the financial statements for the interim periods, have been included.

 

Capitalized terms used without definition have the meaning as provided elsewhere in this Form 10-Q.

 

Earnings per Common Share

 

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. All outstanding unvested restricted share awards contain rights to non-forfeitable dividends and participate in undistributed earnings with common shareholders and, accordingly, are considered participating securities that are included in the two-class method of computing basic earnings per share (“EPS”). Both the unvested restricted shares and other potentially dilutive common shares, and the related impact to earnings, are considered when calculating earnings per share on a diluted basis. The Company’s earnings per common share are determined as follows (dollars in thousands, except per share data):

 

5



Table of Contents

 

 

 

For the three months ended

 

For the six months ended

 

 

 

6-30-12

 

6-30-11

 

6-30-12

 

6-30-11

 

Basic and diluted shares outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares - basic

 

95,308,163

 

87,317,602

 

95,082,172

 

86,746,992

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average DownREIT units outstanding

 

7,500

 

7,707

 

7,500

 

8,992

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of dilutive securities

 

677,162

 

871,129

 

730,531

 

841,997

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares - diluted

 

95,992,825

 

88,196,438

 

95,820,203

 

87,597,981

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Calculation of Earnings per Share - basic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income attributable to common stockholders

 

$

156,909

 

$

43,373

 

$

214,667

 

$

73,713

 

Net income allocated to unvested restricted shares

 

(547

)

(123

)

(845

)

(206

)

Net income attributable to common stockholders, adjusted

 

$

156,362

 

$

43,250

 

$

213,822

 

$

73,507

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares - basic

 

95,308,163

 

87,317,602

 

95,082,172

 

86,746,992

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share - basic

 

$

1.64

 

$

0.50

 

$

2.25

 

$

0.85

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Calculation of Earnings per Share - diluted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income attributable to common stockholders

 

$

156,909

 

$

43,373

 

$

214,667

 

$

73,713

 

Add: noncontrolling interests of DownREIT unitholders in consolidated partnerships, including discontinued operations

 

7

 

7

 

13

 

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted net income attributable to common stockholders

 

$

156,916

 

$

43,380

 

$

214,680

 

$

73,726

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares - diluted

 

95,992,825

 

88,196,438

 

95,820,203

 

87,597,981

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share - diluted

 

$

1.63

 

$

0.49

 

$

2.24

 

$

0.84

 

 

Certain options to purchase shares of common stock in the amounts of 424,357 and 320,698 were outstanding at June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively, but were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because such options were anti-dilutive.

 

The Company is required to estimate the forfeiture of stock options and recognize compensation cost net of the estimated forfeitures. The estimated forfeitures included in compensation cost are adjusted to reflect actual forfeitures at the end of the vesting period.  The forfeiture rate at June 30, 2012 is based on the average forfeiture activity over a period equal to the estimated life of the stock options, and was 0.3%. The application of estimated forfeitures did not materially impact compensation expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 or 2011.

 

Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

 

The Company enters into interest rate swap and interest rate cap agreements (collectively, the “Hedging Derivatives”) for interest rate risk management purposes and in conjunction with certain variable rate secured debt to satisfy lender requirements.  The Company does not enter into derivative transactions for trading or other speculative purposes. The Company assesses both at inception and on an on-going basis, the effectiveness of qualifying cash flow and fair value hedges. Hedge ineffectiveness is reported as a component of general and administrative expenses. The fair values of the Hedging Derivatives that are in an asset position are recorded in prepaid expenses and other assets. The fair value of the Hedging Derivatives that are in a liability position are included in accrued expenses and other liabilities. Fair value changes for derivatives that are not in qualifying hedge relationships are reported as a component of general and administrative expenses.  For the derivative positions that the Company has determined qualify as effective cash flow hedges, the Company has recorded the effective portion of cumulative changes in the fair value of the Hedging Derivatives in other comprehensive income.  Amounts recorded in other comprehensive income will be reclassified into earnings in the periods in which earnings are affected by the hedged cash flow. The effective portion of the change in fair value of the Hedging Derivatives that the Company has determined qualified as effective fair value hedges is reported as an adjustment to the carrying amount of the corresponding debt being hedged.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Legal and Other Contingencies

 

The Company accounts for recoveries from legal matters as a reduction in the legal and related costs incurred associated with the matter, with recoveries in excess of these costs reported as a gain or, where appropriate, a reduction in the basis of a community to which the suit related.

 

The Company is involved in various claims and/or administrative proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of the Company’s business. While no assurances can be given, the Company does not believe that any of these outstanding litigation matters, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the dates of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain reclassifications have been made to amounts in prior period financial statements to conform to current period presentations.

 

2.  Interest Capitalized

 

The Company capitalizes interest during the development and redevelopment of real estate assets. Capitalized interest associated with the Company’s development or redevelopment activities totaled $12,625,000 and $7,673,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and $24,945,000 and $14,016,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

3.  Notes Payable, Unsecured Notes and Credit Facility

 

The Company’s mortgage notes payable, unsecured notes and Credit Facility, as defined below, as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, are summarized below (dollars in thousands).  The following amounts and discussion do not include the mortgage notes related to the communities classified as held for sale, if any, as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, as shown in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (see Note 6, “Real Estate Disposition Activities”).

 

 

 

6-30-12

 

12-31-11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed rate unsecured notes (1)

 

$

1,451,601

 

$

1,556,001

 

Variable rate unsecured notes (1)

 

—

 

75,000

 

Fixed rate mortgage notes payable - conventional and tax-exempt (2)

 

1,534,037

 

1,528,783

 

Variable rate mortgage notes payable - conventional and tax-exempt

 

376,935

 

440,241

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total notes payable and unsecured notes

 

3,362,573

 

3,600,025

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Credit Facility

 

—

 

—

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total mortgage notes payable, unsecured notes and Credit Facility

 

$

3,362,573

 

$

3,600,025

 

 


(1)         Balances at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 exclude $1,553 and $1,802, respectively, of debt discount, and $0 and $11, respectively, for basis adjustments, as reflected in unsecured notes on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

(2)         Balances at June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011 exclude $1,344 and $962, respectively of debt premium as reflected in mortgage notes payable on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

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The following debt activity occurred during the six months ended June 30, 2012:

 

·                  In January 2012, the Company repaid $179,400,000 principal amount of its 5.5% coupon unsecured notes pursuant to their scheduled maturity.

·                  In February 2012, in conjunction with the acquisition of a community, the Company assumed the existing 4.61% mortgage note in the amount of $11,958,000 that matures in June 2018, and is secured by the community.

·                  Also in February 2012, the Company repaid a variable rate secured mortgage note in the amount of $48,500,000 in advance of its November 2039 scheduled maturity date.  In conjunction with the early retirement the Company incurred a non-cash charge of $1,179,000 for the write off of deferred financing fees which was recognized as a loss on extinguishment of debt.

·                  In May 2012, the Company repaid a variable rate secured mortgage note in the amount of $14,566,000 in accordance with its scheduled maturity date.

·                  Also in May 2012 in conjunction with the disposition of an operating community, the Company repaid a variable rate secured mortgage note in the amount of $33,100,000 in advance of its scheduled maturity date. The Company incurred a charge of $602,000 for a prepayment penalty and the write off of deferred financing fees associated with the early repayment of this note.

 

The Company has a variable rate unsecured credit facility (the “Credit Facility”) with a syndicate of commercial banks, which has an available borrowing capacity of $750,000,000 and a 4-year term, plus a one year extension option.  The Credit Facility was entered into in September 2011 and it bears interest at varying levels based on the London InterBank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”), rating levels achieved on the Company’s unsecured notes and on a maturity schedule selected by the Company.  The current stated pricing is LIBOR plus 1.075% per annum (1.32% at June 30, 2012). The Company did not have any borrowings outstanding under the Credit Facility and had $45,975,000 and $52,659,000 outstanding in letters of credit that reduced the borrowing capacity as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

 

In the aggregate, secured notes payable mature at various dates from April 2013 through July 2066, and are secured by certain apartment communities and improved land parcels (with a net carrying value of $1,535,159,000 as of June 30, 2012).

 

As of June 30, 2012, the Company has guaranteed approximately $179,777,000 of mortgage notes payable held by wholly owned subsidiaries; all such mortgage notes payable are consolidated for financial reporting purposes.  The weighted average interest rate of the Company’s fixed rate mortgage notes payable (conventional and tax-exempt) was 5.7% both at June 30, 2012 and at December 31, 2011.  The weighted average interest rate of the Company’s variable rate mortgage notes payable and its Credit Facility, including the effect of certain financing related fees, was 2.6% at June 30, 2012 and 2.3% at December 31, 2011.

 

Scheduled payments and maturities of mortgage notes payable and unsecured notes outstanding at June 30, 2012 are as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stated

 

 

 

Secured

 

Secured

 

Unsecured

 

interest rate

 

 

 

notes

 

notes

 

notes

 

of unsecured

 

Year

 

payments (1)

 

maturities

 

maturities

 

notes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2012

 

$

6,966

 

$

—

 

$

201,601

 

6.125

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2013

 

13,376

 

223,473

 

100,000

 

4.950

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2014

 

14,284

 

—

 

150,000

 

5.375

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2015

 

12,170

 

406,019

 

—

 

—

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2016

 

12,807

 

—

 

250,000

 

5.750

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

13,709

 

18,300

 

250,000

 

5.700

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2018

 

14,330

 

11,073

 

—

 

—

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

2,597

 

610,813

 

—

 

—

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2020

 

2,768

 

—

 

250,000

 

6.100

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2021

 

2,952

 

—

 

250,000

 

3.950

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thereafter

 

86,700

 

458,635

 

—

 

—

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

182,659

 

$

1,728,313

 

$

1,451,601

 

 

 

 


(1)  Secured note payments are comprised of the principal pay downs for amortizing mortgage notes.

 

The Company was in compliance at June 30, 2012 with certain customary financial and other covenants under the Credit Facility and the Company’s unsecured notes.

 

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Table of Contents

 

4.  Equity

 

The following summarizes the changes in stockholders’ equity for the six months ended June 30, 2012 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated

 

Accumulated

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

earnings

 

other

 

AvalonBay

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common

 

paid-in

 

less

 

comprehensive

 

stockholders’

 

Noncontrolling

 

Total

 

 

 

stock

 

capital

 

dividends

 

loss

 

equity

 

interests

 

equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2011

 

$

952

 

$

4,652,457

 

$

(171,648

)

$

(87,020

)

$

4,394,741

 

$

7,151

 

$

4,401,892

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income attributable to common stockholders

 

—

 

—

 

214,667

 

—

 

214,667

 

—

 

214,667

 

Unrealized loss on cash flow hedges

 

—

 

—

 

—

 

(16,789

)

(16,789

)

—

 

(16,789

)

Change in redemption value of redeemable noncontrolling interest

 

—

 

—

 

(521

)

—

 

(521

)

—

 

(521

)

Noncontrolling interests

 

—

 

—

 

—

 

—

 

—

 

(3,477

)

(3,477

)

Dividends declared to common stockholders

 

—

 

—

 

(186,170

)

—

 

(186,170

)

—

 

(186,170

)

Issuance of common stock, net of withholdings

 

14

 

162,448

 

(2,249

)

—

 

160,213

 

—

 

160,213

 

Amortization of deferred compensation

 

—

 

12,425

 

—

 

—

 

12,425

 

—

 

12,425

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2012

 

$

966

 

$

4,827,330

 

$

(145,921

)

$

(103,809

)

$

4,578,566

 

$

3,674

 

$

4,582,240

 

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2012, the Company:

 

(i)                                     issued 1,119,892 shares of common stock through public offerings under CEP II, discussed below;

(ii)                                  issued 318,175 shares of common stock in connection with stock options exercised;

(iii)                               issued 1,336 common shares through the Company’s dividend reinvestment plan;

(iv)                              issued 95,941 common shares in connection with stock grants;

(v)                                 withheld 120,078 common shares to satisfy employees’ tax withholding and other liabilities; and

(vi)                              cancelled 4,027 shares of restricted common stock upon forfeiture.

 

In addition, the Company granted 113,804 options for common stock to employees.  Any deferred compensation related to the Company’s stock option and restricted stock grants during the six months ended June 30, 2012 is not reflected on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2012, and will not be reflected until earned as compensation cost.

 

In November 2010, the Company commenced a second continuous equity program (“CEP II”), under which the Company was authorized to sell up to $500,000,000 of its common stock from time to time during a 36-month period. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, the Company sold 1,119,892 shares at an average sales price of $140.14 per share, for net proceeds of $154,588,000. The Company completed CEP II in July 2012, see Note 11, “Subsequent Events”.

 

5.  Investments in Real Estate Entities

 

Investments in consolidated entities

 

In June 2012, the Company acquired Eaves Cerritos, located in Artesia, CA.  Eaves Cerritos contains 151 apartment homes and was acquired for a purchase price of $29,500,000.

 

The Company accounted for the acquisition of Eaves Cerritos as a business combination and allocated the purchase price to the acquired assets and assumed liabilities, including identifiable intangibles, based on their fair values.  The Company looked to third party pricing for the value of the land, and an internal model to determine the fair value of the real estate assets and in place leases.  Given the heterogeneous nature of multi-family real estate, the fair values for the land, real estate assets and in place leases incorporated significant unobservable inputs and therefore are considered to be Level 3 prices within the fair value hierarchy.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Investment in unconsolidated entities

 

As of June 30, 2012, the Company had investments in five unconsolidated real estate entities with ownership interest percentages ranging from 15.2% to 31.3%. The Company accounts for its investments in unconsolidated real estate entities under the equity method of accounting, except as otherwise noted below. The significant accounting policies of the Company’s unconsolidated real estate entities are consistent with those of the Company in all material respects.

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2012, AvalonBay Value Added Fund I, LP (“Fund I”) sold Avalon Lombard, located in Chicago, IL, containing 256 apartment homes for $35,450,000.  The Company’s proportionate share of the aggregate gain in accordance with GAAP was $385,000.

 

There were no other changes in the Company’s ownership interest in, or presentation of, its investments in unconsolidated real estate entities during the three months ended June 30, 2012.

 

The following is a combined summary of the financial position of the entities accounted for using the equity method, as of the dates presented (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

6-30-12

 

12-31-11

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

(unaudited)

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Real estate, net

 

$

1,544,617

 

$

1,583,397

 

Other assets

 

84,127

 

70,233

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

1,628,744

 

$

1,653,630

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and partners’ capital:

 

 

 

 

 

Mortgage notes payable and credit facility

 

$

1,077,716

 

$

1,074,429

 

Other liabilities

 

22,320

 

27,335

 

Partners’ capital

 

528,708

 

551,866

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and partners’ capital

 

$

1,628,744

 

$

1,653,630

 

 

The following is a combined summary of the operating results of the entities accounted for using the equity method, for the periods presented (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

For the three months ended

 

For the six months ended

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

6-30-12

 

6-30-11

 

6-30-12

 

6-30-11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rental and other income

 

$

44,505

 

$

38,632

 

$

87,132

 

$

76,454

 

Operating and other expenses

 

(19,131

)

(17,090

)

(37,800

)

(34,644

)

Gain on sale of communities

 

3,825

 

—

 

12,735

 

—

 

Interest expense, net

 

(12,659

)

(12,478

)

(25,726

)

(24,779

)

Depreciation expense

 

(12,597

)

(11,737

)

(25,297

)

(23,339

)

Net income (loss)

 

$

3,943

 

$

(2,673

)

$

11,044

 

$

(6,308

)

 

In conjunction with the formation of Fund I and AvalonBay Value Added Fund II, L.P. (“Fund II”), as well as the acquisition and development of certain other investments in unconsolidated entities, the Company incurred costs in excess of its equity in the underlying net assets of the respective investments. These costs represent $8,389,000 at June 30, 2012 and $9,167,000 at December 31, 2011 of the respective investment balances.

 

As part of the formation of Fund I and Fund II, the Company provided separate and distinct guarantees to one of the limited partners in each of the ventures.  These guarantees are specific to the respective fund and any impacts or obligation of the Company to perform under one of the guarantees has no impact on the Company’s obligations with respect to the other guarantee. The guarantees provide that, if, upon final liquidation of Fund I or Fund II, the total amount of all distributions to the guaranteed partner during the life of the respective fund (whether from operating cash flow or property sales) does not equal the total capital contributions made by that partner, then the Company will pay

 

10



Table of Contents

 

the guaranteed partner an amount equal to the shortfall, but in no event more than 10% of the total capital contributions made by the guaranteed partner (maximum of approximately $7,500,000 for Fund I and approximately $8,910,000 for Fund II as of June 30, 2012).  As of June 30, 2012, the expected realizable values of the real estate assets owned by Fund I and Fund II are considered adequate to cover such potential payments under a liquidation scenario.  The estimated fair value of, and the Company’s obligation under these guarantees, both at inception and as of June 30, 2012, was not significant and therefore the Company has not recorded any obligation for either of these guarantees as of June 30, 2012.

 

Abandoned Pursuit Costs and Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

The Company capitalizes pre-development costs incurred in pursuit of new development opportunities for which the Company currently believes future development is probable (“Development Rights”). Future development of these Development Rights is dependent upon various factors, including zoning and regulatory approval, rental market conditions, construction costs and the availability of capital.  Initial pre-development costs incurred for pursuits for which future development is not yet considered probable are expensed as incurred.  In addition, if the status of a Development Right changes, making future development by the Company no longer probable, any capitalized pre-development costs are written off with a charge to expense.  The Company expensed costs related to abandoned pursuits, which includes the abandonment of Development Rights as well as costs incurred in pursuing the acquisition or disposition of assets for which such transactional activity did not occur, in the amounts of $820,000 and $395,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and $968,000 and $1,045,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. These costs are included in operating expenses, excluding property taxes on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income. Abandoned pursuit costs can vary greatly, and the costs incurred in any given period may be significantly different in future periods.

 

The Company evaluates its real estate and other long-lived assets for impairment when potential indicators of impairment exist. Such assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and amortization, unless the carrying amount of the asset is not recoverable. If events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of a long-lived asset may not be recoverable, the Company assesses its recoverability by comparing the carrying amount of the long-lived asset to its estimated undiscounted future cash flows. If the carrying amount exceeds the aggregate undiscounted future cash flows, the Company recognizes an impairment loss to the extent the carrying amount exceeds the estimated fair value of the long-lived asset. Based on periodic tests of recoverability of long-lived assets, the Company did not record any impairment losses for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011.

 

The Company assesses its portfolio of land held for development and for investment for impairment if the intent of the Company changes with respect to either the development of, or the expected holding period for the land.  The Company did not recognize any impairment charges on its investment in land for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011.

 

The Company also evaluates its unconsolidated investments for impairment, considering both its carrying value of the investment, estimated as the expected proceeds that it would receive if the entity were dissolved and the net assets were liquidated at their current GAAP basis, as well as the Company’s proportionate share of any impairment of assets held by unconsolidated investments. There were no impairment losses recognized by any of the Company’s investments in unconsolidated entities during the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011.

 

6.  Real Estate Disposition Activities

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2012, the Company sold two communities:  Waterford, located in Oakland, CA and Arlington Heights, located in Chicago, IL.  These communities, containing a total of 953 apartment homes, were sold for an aggregate price of $173,750,000.  The dispositions resulted in an aggregate gain in accordance with GAAP of $95,049,000.

 

The Company sold one unimproved land parcel in Chicago, IL, for $12,300,000, resulting in an aggregate gain in accordance with GAAP of $280,000. The Company recorded impairment charges of approximately $16,363,000 related to this asset in prior years when it was determined that the site would not be developed.

 

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Table of Contents

 

As of June 30, 2012, the Company did not have any real estate assets that qualified as held for sale.

 

The operations for any real estate assets sold from January 1, 2011 through June 30, 2012 have been presented as income from discontinued operations in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income. Accordingly, certain reclassifications have been made to prior years to reflect discontinued operations consistent with current year presentation.

 

The following is a summary of income from discontinued operations for the periods presented (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

For the three months ended

 

For the six months ended

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

6-30-12

 

6-30-11

 

6-30-12

 

6-30-11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rental income

 

$

3,065

 

$

9,278

 

$

6,986

 

$

18,363

 

Operating and other expenses

 

(1,114

)

(5,600

)

(2,486

)

(11,289

)

Interest expense, net

 

(53

)

(1,311

)

(133

)

(2,611

)

Loss on extinguishment of debt

 

(602

)

—

 

(602

)

—

 

Depreciation expense

 

(144

)

(2,084

)

(895

)

(4,160

)

Income from discontinued operations

 

$

1,152

 

$

283

 

$

2,870

 

$

303

 

 

7.  Segment Reporting

 

The Company’s reportable operating segments include Established Communities, Other Stabilized Communities, and Development/Redevelopment Communities.  Annually as of January 1st, the Company determines which of its communities fall into each of these categories and unless disposition or redevelopment plans regarding a community change, maintains that classification throughout the year for the purpose of reporting segment operations.

 

In addition, the Company owns land for future development and has other corporate assets that are not allocated to an operating segment.

 

The Company’s segment disclosures present the measure(s) used by the chief operating decision maker for purposes of assessing each segments’ performance.  The Company’s chief operating decision maker is comprised of several members of its executive management team who use net operating income (“NOI”) as the primary financial measure for Established Communities and Other Stabilized Communities.  NOI is defined by the Company as total revenue less direct property operating expenses.  Although the Company considers NOI a useful measure of a community’s or communities’ operating performance, NOI should not be considered an alternative to net income or net cash flow from operating activities, as determined in accordance with GAAP.  NOI excludes a number of income and expense categories as detailed in the reconciliation of NOI to net income.

 

A reconciliation of NOI to net income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 is as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

For the three months ended

 

For the six months ended

 

 

 

6-30-12

 

6-30-11

 

6-30-12

 

6-30-11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

156,821

 

$

43,192

 

$

214,430

 

$

73,728

 

Indirect operating expenses, net of corporate income

 

8,617

 

7,701

 

16,653

 

14,729

 

Investments and investment management expense

 

1,499

 

1,341

 

2,945

 

2,532

 

Expensed development and other pursuit costs

 

901

 

1,353

 

1,141

 

2,003

 

Interest expense, net

 

33,193

 

44,544

 

66,819

 

87,515

 

Loss on extinguishment of debt, net

 

—

 

—

 

1,179

 

—

 

General and administrative expense

 

8,316

 

8,145

 

18,026

 

15,437

 

Equity in income of unconsolidated entities

 

(2,073

)

(395

)

(4,248

)

(898

)

Depreciation expense

 

64,875

 

60,836

 

127,436

 

120,059

 

Gain on sale of real estate assets

 

(95,329

)

(7,675

)

(95,329

)

(7,675

)

Income from discontinued operations

 

(1,152

)

(283

)

(2,870

)

(303

)

Net operating income

 

$

175,668

 

$

158,759

 

$

346,182

 

$

307,127

 

 

12



Table of Contents

 

The primary performance measure for communities under development or redevelopment depends on the stage of completion.  While under development, management monitors actual construction costs against budgeted costs as well as lease-up pace and rent levels compared to budget.

 

The following table provides details of the Company’s segment information as of the dates specified (dollars in thousands). The segments are classified based on the individual community’s status as of the beginning of the given calendar year. Therefore, each year the composition of communities within each business segment is adjusted.  Accordingly, the amounts between years are not directly comparable. Segment information for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011 have been adjusted for the real estate assets that were sold from January 1, 2011 through June 30, 2012, or otherwise qualify as discontinued operations as of June 30, 2012, as described in Note 6, “Real Estate Disposition Activities.”

 

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For the three months ended

 

For the six months ended

 

 

 

Total

 

 

 

% NOI change

 

Total

 

 

 

% NOI change

 

Gross

 

 

 

revenue

 

NOI

 

from prior year

 

revenue

 

NOI

 

from prior year

 

real estate (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the period ended June 30, 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Established

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New England

 

$

41,736

 

$

27,263

 

5.7

%

$

82,812

 

$

53,894

 

7.2

%

$

1,285,318

 

Metro NY/NJ

 

58,169

 

40,637

 

6.3

%

115,388

 

80,228

 

8.0

%

1,962,950

 

Mid-Atlantic

 

25,829

 

18,722

 

2.4

%

51,525

 

37,538

 

4.4

%

591,284

 

Pacific Northwest

 

8,119

 

5,651

 

9.5

%

16,024

 

11,223

 

10.7

%

303,343

 

Northern California

 

31,918

 

23,235

 

12.8

%

63,030

 

46,028

 

14.1

%

1,180,167

 

Southern California

 

24,508

 

17,023

 

8.5

%

48,869

 

34,002

 

10.2

%

946,376

 

Total Established

 

190,279

 

132,531

 

7.1

%

377,648

 

262,913

 

8.7

%

6,269,438

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Stabilized

 

36,194

 

23,244

 

N/A

 

70,979

 

45,949

 

N/A

 

1,274,461

 

Development / Redevelopment

 

29,562

 

19,893

 

N/A

 

55,425

 

37,320

 

N/A

 

1,656,545

 

Land Held for Future Development

 

N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

 

294,116

 

Non-allocated (2)

 

2,770

 

N/A

 

N/A

 

5,319

 

N/A

 

N/A

 

59,043

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

258,805

 

$

175,668

 

10.7

%

$

509,371

 

$

346,182

 

12.7

%

$

9,553,603

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the period ended June 30, 2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Established

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New England

 

$

42,083

 

$

27,006

 

10.5

%

$

83,110

 

$

52,488

 

8.6

%

$

1,297,280

 

Metro NY/NJ

 

48,501

 

33,153

 

6.4

%

96,191

 

64,712

 

5.9

%

1,530,426

 

Mid-Atlantic

 

25,600

 

18,711

 

6.3

%

50,645

 

36,821

 

7.3

%

601,967

 

Pacific Northwest

 

9,346

 

6,349

 

6.4

%

18,475

 

12,489

 

3.6

%

360,995

 

Northern California

 

23,451

 

16,993

 

10.0

%

46,277

 

33,201

 

7.7

%

867,520

 

Southern California

 

18,568

 

12,393

 

8.7

%

36,962

 

24,348

 

5.2

%

695,220

 

Total Established

 

167,549

 

114,605

 

8.1

%

331,660

 

224,059

 

6.8

%

5,353,408

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Stabilized

 

34,461

 

22,272

 

N/A

 

66,032

 

42,296

 

N/A

 

1,578,605

 

Development / Redevelopment

 

31,239

 

21,882

 

N/A

 

59,960

 

40,772

 

N/A

 

1,459,969

 

Land Held for Future Development

 

N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

 

225,896

 

Non-allocated (2)

 

2,332

 

N/A

 

N/A

 

4,652

 

N/A

 

N/A

 

68,827

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

235,581

 

$

158,759

 

15.4

%

$

462,304

 

$

307,127

 

13.4

%

$

8,686,705

 

 


(1)          Does not include gross real estate assets held for sale of $0 and $269,542 as of June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

(2)          Revenue represents third party management, asset management and developer fees and miscellaneous income which are not allocated to a reportable segment.

 

8.  Stock-Based Compensation Plans

 

Information with respect to stock options granted under the Company’s 1994 Stock Option and Incentive Plan (the “1994 Plan”) and its 2009 Stock Option and Incentive Plan (the “2009 Plan”) are as follows (dollars in thousands, other than per share amounts):

 

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Table of Contents

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

 

 

average

 

 

 

average

 

 

 

2009 Plan

 

exercise price

 

1994 Plan

 

exercise price

 

 

 

shares

 

per share

 

shares

 

per share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options Outstanding, December 31,2011

 

247,403

 

$

98.42

 

1,112,959

 

$

94.10

 

Exercised

 

(36,953

)

84.74

 

(281,222

)

67.88

 

Granted

 

113,804

 

132.95

 

—

 

—

 

Forfeited

 

(2,396

)

99.69

 

(4,066

)

116.89

 

Options Outstanding, June 30, 2012

 

321,858

 

$

112.19

 

827,671

 

$

102.90

 

Options Exerciseable June 30, 2012

 

80,930

 

$

96.66

 

827,671

 

$

102.90

 

 

The weighted average fair value of the options granted under the 2009 Plan during the six months ended June 30, 2012 is estimated at $ 29.05 per share on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following weighted average assumptions: dividend yield of 3.5% over the expected life of the option, volatility of 35.00%, risk-free interest rate of 0.9% and an expected life of approximately 5 years.

 

At June 30, 2012, the Company had 208,436 outstanding unvested shares granted under restricted stock awards. Restricted stock vesting during the six months ended June 30, 2012 totaled 317,050 shares and had fair values at the grant date ranging from $48.60 to $139.75 per share.  The total grant date fair value of shares vested was $36,162,000 and $34,882,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.

 

Total employee stock-based compensation cost recognized in income was $6,106,000 and $5,575,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and total capitalized stock-based compensation cost was $2,603,000 and $2,907,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.  At June 30, 2012, there was a total of $3,355,000 and $9,807,000 in unrecognized compensation cost for unvested stock options and unvested restricted stock, respectively, which does not include estimated forfeitures. The unrecognized compensation cost for unvested stock options and restricted stock is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.14 years and 2.71 years, respectively.

 

9.  Related Party Arrangements

 

Unconsolidated Entities

 

The Company manages unconsolidated real estate entities for which it receives asset management, property management, development and redevelopment fee revenue.  From these entities, the Company received fees of $2,770,000 and $2,332,000 in the three months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively, and $5,319,000 and $4,652,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively.  These fees are included in management, development and other fees on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income. In addition, the Company has outstanding receivables associated with its management role of $3,892,000 and $4,294,000 as of June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

 

Director Compensation

 

The Company recorded non-employee director compensation expense relating to restricted stock grants and deferred stock awards in the amount of $219,000 and $429,000 for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012, respectively,  as a component of general and administrative expense.  Deferred compensation relating to these restricted stock grants and deferred stock awards was $816,000 and $370,000 on June 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.

 

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10.  Fair Value

 

Financial Instruments Carried at Fair Value

 

Derivative Financial Instruments

 

Currently, the Company uses interest rate swap and interest rate cap agreements to manage its interest rate risk.  These instruments are carried at fair value in the Company’s financial statements.  In adjusting the fair value of its derivative contracts for the effect of counterparty nonperformance risk, the Company has considered the impact of its net position with a given counterparty, as well as any applicable credit enhancements, such as collateral postings, thresholds, mutual puts, and guarantees. The Company minimizes its credit risk on these transactions by dealing with major, creditworthy financial institutions which have an A or better credit rating by the Standard & Poor’s Ratings Group. As part of its on-going control procedures, the Company monitors the credit ratings of counterparties and the exposure of the Company to any single entity, thus minimizing credit risk concentration. The Company believes the likelihood of realizing losses from counterparty non-performance is remote. Although the Company has determined that the majority of the inputs used to value its derivatives fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, the credit valuation adjustments associated with its derivatives use Level 3 inputs, such as estimates of current credit spreads, to evaluate the likelihood of default by itself and its counterparties. As of June 30, 2012, the Company assessed the significance of the impact of the credit valuation adjustments on the overall valuation of its derivative positions and has determined it is not significant.  As a result, the Company has determined that its derivative valuations are classified in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

 

Hedge ineffectiveness did not have a material impact on earnings of the Company for any prior period, and the Company does not anticipate that it will have a material effect in the future.

 

The following table summarizes the consolidated Hedging Derivatives at June 30, 2012, excluding derivatives executed to hedge debt on communities classified as held for sale (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

Non-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

designated

 

Cash Flow

 

Cash Flow

 

 

 

Hedges

 

Hedges

 

Hedges

 

 

 

Interest

 

Interest

 

Interest

 

 

 

Rate Caps

 

Rate Caps

 

Rate Swaps

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notional balance

 

$

42,747

 

$

180,195

 

$

430,000

 

Weighted average interest rate (1)

 

1.2

%

2.4

%

4.5

%

Weighted average capped interest rate

 

7.3

%

5.3

%

N/A

 

Earliest maturity date

 

Aug-12

 

Jul-13

 

Sep-12

 

Latest maturity date

 

Mar-14

 

Jun-15

 

May-13

 

 


(1) For interest rate caps, this represents the weighted average interest rate on the debt.

 

Excluding derivatives executed to hedge debt on communities classified as held for sale, the Company had six derivatives designated as cash flow hedges and three derivatives not designated as hedges at June 30, 2012. Fair value changes for derivatives not in qualifying hedge relationships for the six months ended June 30, 2012, were not material. To adjust the Hedging Derivatives in qualifying cash flow hedges to their fair value and recognize the impact of hedge accounting, the Company recorded a decrease in other comprehensive income of $16,789,000 and $19,420,000 during the six months ended June 30, 2012 and 2011, respectively. The amount reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into earnings for the six months ended June 30, 2012, as well as the estimated amount included in accumulated other comprehensive income as of June 30, 2012, expected to be reclassified into earnings within the next twelve months to offset the variability of cash flows of the hedged items during this period are not material. The Company had two derivatives designated as fair value hedges as of December 31, 2011 which matured prior to June 30, 2012. The Company recorded a decrease in the fair value of these fair value hedges of $863,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2011.

 

Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests

 

 The Company provided a redemption option (the “Put”) that allows a joint venture partner of the Company to require the Company to purchase its interest in the investment at a guaranteed minimum amount. The Put is payable in cash. The Company determines the fair value of the Put based on unobservable inputs considering the assumptions that market participants would make in pricing the obligation, applying a guaranteed rate of return to the joint venture partner’s net capital contribution balance as of period end. Given the significance of the unobservable inputs, the valuation is classified in Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.

 

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The Company issued units of limited partnership interest in DownREITs which provide the DownREIT limited partners the ability to present all or some of their units for redemption for cash as determined by the partnership agreement.  Under the DownREIT agreement, for each limited partnership unit, the limited partner is entitled to receive cash in the amount equal to the fair value of the Company’s common stock on or about the date of redemption.  In lieu of cash redemption, the Company may elect to exchange such units for an equal number of shares in the Company’s common stock. The limited partnership units in the DownREIT are valued using the market price of the Company’s common stock, a Level 1 price under the fair value hierarchy.

 

Financial Instruments Not Carried at Fair Value

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

Cash and cash equivalent balances are held with various financial institutions within principal protected accounts.  The Company monitors credit ratings of these financial institutions and the concentration of cash and cash equivalent balances with any one financial institution and believes the likelihood of realizing material losses related to cash and cash equivalent balances is remote.  Cash and cash equivalents are carried at their face amounts, which reasonably approximate their fair values.

 

Other Financial Instruments

 

Rents receivable, accounts and construction payable and accrued expenses and other liabilities are carried at their face amounts, which reasonably approximate their fair values.

 

The Company values its unsecured notes using quoted market prices, a Level 1 price within the fair value hierarchy. The Company values its notes payable and outstanding amounts under the Credit Facility using a discounted cash flow analysis on the expected cash flows of each instrument. This analysis reflects the contractual terms of the instrument, including the period to maturity, and uses observable market-based inputs, including interest rate curves. The process also considers credit valuation adjustments to appropriately reflect the Company’s nonperformance risk. The Company has concluded that the value of its notes payable and amounts outstanding under its credit facility are Level 2 prices as the majority of the inputs used to value its positions fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

 

Financial Instruments Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

 

The following table summarizes the classification between the three levels of the fair value hierarchy of the Company’s financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

Quoted Prices

 

Significant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in Active

 

Other

 

Significant

 

 

 

 

 

Markets for

 

Observable

 

Unobservable

 

 

 

 

 

Identical Assets

 

Inputs

 

Inputs

 

Description

 

6/30/2012

 

(Level 1)

 

(Level 2)

 

(Level 3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest Rate Caps

 

$

16

 

$

—

 

$

16

 

$

—

 

Interest Rate Swaps

 

(102,244

)

—

 

(102,244

)

—

 

Put

 

(5,820

)

—

 

—

 

(5,820

)

DownREIT units

 

(1,061

)

(1,061

)

—

 

—

 

Indebtedness

 

(3,631,638

)

(1,610,447

)

(2,021,191

)

—

 

Total

 

$

(3,740,747

)

$

(1,611,508

)

$

(2,123,419

)

$

(5,820

)

 

11.  Subsequent Events

 

The Company has evaluated subsequent events through the date on which this Form 10-Q was filed, the date on which these financial statements were issued, and identified the following for disclosure.

 

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In July 2012, the Company acquired Avalon Del Rey, a 309 apartment home community which was owned by a joint venture in which the Company held a 30% ownership interest. As part of this transaction, the venture repaid the $43,606,000 variable rate note secured by the community.  The Company paid approximately $67,200,000 for its joint venture partner’s 70% interest as well as contributing its proportionate share of the note repayment to the venture.

 

Also in July 2012, the Company issued an additional 315,323 common shares at an average price of $141.35 per share for net proceeds of $43,901,000 under CEP II, completing the program. From program inception in November 2010 through completion, the Company issued 3,925,980 common shares at an average price of $127.36 per share for net proceeds of $492,490,000.

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) is intended to help provide an understanding of our business and results of operations. This MD&A should be read in conjunction with our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and the accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this report. This report, including the following MD&A, contains forward-looking statements regarding future events or trends as described more fully under “Forward-Looking Statements” included in this report.  Actual results or developments could differ materially from those projected in such statements as a result of the factors described under “Forward-Looking Statements” below and the risk factors described in Item 1a, “Risk Factors,” of our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 (our “Form 10-K”).

 

All capitalized terms have the meaning as provided elsewhere in this Form 10-Q.

 

Executive Overview

 

Business Description

 

We are primarily engaged in developing, acquiring, owning and operating apartment communities in high barrier to entry markets of the United States. We believe that apartment communities are an attractive long-term investment opportunity compared to other real estate investments because a broad potential resident base should help reduce demand volatility over a real estate cycle. We seek to create long-term shareholder value by accessing capital at cost effective terms; deploying that capital to develop, redevelop and acquire apartment communities in high barrier to entry markets; operating apartment communities; and selling communities when they no longer meet our long-term investment strategy or when pricing is attractive. Barriers to entry in our markets generally include a difficult and lengthy entitlement process with local jurisdictions and dense urban or suburban areas where zoned and entitled land is in limited supply.

 

Our strategy is to be leaders in market research and capital allocation, delivering a range of multifamily offerings tailored to serve the needs of the most attractive customer segments in the best-performing submarkets of the United States. Our communities are predominately upscale, which generally command among the highest rents in their markets. However, we also pursue the ownership and operation of apartment communities that target a variety of customer segments and price points, consistent with our goal of offering a broad range of products and services.

 

We regularly evaluate the allocation of our investments by the amount of invested capital and by product type within our individual markets, which are located in New England, the New York/New Jersey metro area, the Mid-Atlantic, the Pacific Northwest, and the Northern and Southern California regions of the United States. At the present time we are no longer pursuing development or acquisition opportunities in the Midwest region. During the second quarter of 2012, we disposed of our interests in two apartment communities and an unimproved land parcel, completing our exit from the Midwest region.

 

Second Quarter 2012 Highlights

 

The Company experienced strong operating performance in the second quarter of 2012.

 

·                  Net income attributable to common stockholders for the quarter ended June 30, 2012 was $156,909,000, an increase of $113,536,000 or 261.8% over the prior year period.  The increase is attributable primarily to an increase in disposition activity and related gains in 2012 as compared to the prior year period, as well as an increase in NOI from our communities and a decrease in net interest expense.

 

·                  For the quarter ended June 30, 2012, Established Communities NOI increased by $8,775,000 or 7.1% over the prior year period. This year-over-year increase was driven by an increase in rental revenue of 5.8% offset by an increase in operating expenses of 3.0% as compared to the prior year period.

 

·                  At June 30, 2012, we had $431,954,000 in unrestricted cash and cash in escrow.

 

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Financial Outlook

 

Our portfolio results for the quarter ended June 30, 2012 reflect both year-over-year revenue growth, as well as continued sequential rental revenue growth.  The increase in revenues was driven by an increase in rental rates, partially offset by a decrease in occupancy for our Established Communities as well as our portfolio growth and leasing activity for new development. We expect year-over-year revenue growth to continue for the balance of 2012, although at a slower rate of growth in certain markets. We believe that the strong fundamentals in the multifamily sector are supported by a combination of a decline in the homeownership rate, disproportionately greater employment growth in the population segments with the highest propensity to rent, and limited supply of new multifamily rental product. We expect continued year-over-year revenue growth and operating fundamentals will continue to be driven by home ownership and demographic trends, as well as the timing and magnitude of employment growth.  We believe continued favorable apartment fundamentals, combined with a capital markets environment that provides for cost effective access to capital, supports our expanded investment activity as further discussed below.

 

During the quarter ended June 30, 2012, we completed the construction of four communities with an aggregate of 887 apartment homes for a total capitalized cost of $245,900,000.  In addition, during the quarter ended June 30, 2012, we started construction of four communities containing 1,226 apartment homes with an expected aggregate total capitalized cost of $308,700,000. At June 30, 2012, 20 communities were under construction with a total projected capitalized cost of approximately $1,647,100,000. As of June 30, 2012, approximately $751,051,000 of the capital for this development was invested, with $896,049,000 remaining to invest. At June 30, 2012 the expected total capitalized cost of our combined development under way and in planning currently is $4,442,100,000, allowing us to deliver assets into expected favorable market conditions over the next several years.

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2012, we started the redevelopment of Eaves Fairfax located in Fairfax, VA.  Eaves Fairfax contains 141 apartment homes and is expected to be redeveloped for a total capitalized cost of $4,900,000, excluding costs incurred prior to redevelopment. At June 30, 2012, there were 11 communities under redevelopment, with an expected investment of approximately $97,100,000, excluding costs incurred prior to the start of redevelopment, with $46,322,000 remaining to be invested.

 

We expect to maintain or increase our current level of redevelopment activity through the end of 2012 and into 2013, taking the opportunity to reinvest and reposition our assets to meet the needs of our residents and to try to position our assets to outperform as the economy fully recovers.

 

Cash on hand and available capital from our Credit Facility are sufficient to provide the capital necessary to fund our committed development and redevelopment activities as of June 30, 2012. We believe that our balance sheet, as measured by our current level of indebtedness, our current ability to service interest and other fixed charges and our current limited use of financial encumbrances (such as secured financing), provides adequate access to liquidity from the capital markets through the issuance of corporate securities (which could include unsecured debt and/or common and preferred equity) and secured debt, as well as other sources of liquidity such as from joint ventures or from our retained cash, to meet any reasonably foreseeable liquidity needs as they arise. See the discussion under Liquidity and Capital Resources.

 

While we continue to grow principally through our demonstrated core competency of developing wholly owned assets, we also acquire interests in additional operating assets. During the three months ended June 30, 2012, we acquired Eaves Cerritos, located in Artesia, CA.  Eaves Cerritos contains 151 apartment homes and was acquired for a purchase price of $29,500,000. In addition, in July 2012, the Company purchased its joint venture partner’s interest in Avalon Del Rey, as discussed further under Unconsolidated Real Estate Investments and Off-balance Sheet Arrangements below.

 

Communities Overview

 

Our real estate investments consist primarily of current operating apartment communities, communities in various stages of development (“Development Communities”) and Development Rights as defined below.  Our current operating communities are further distinguished as Established Communities, Other Stabilized Communities, Lease-Up Communities and Redevelopment Communities.  The following is a description of each category:

 

Current Communities are categorized as Established, Other Stabilized, Lease-Up, or Redevelopment according to the following attributes:

 

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Table of Contents

 

·                        Established Communities (also known as Same Store Communities) are consolidated communities where a comparison of operating results from the prior year to the current year is meaningful, as these communities were owned and had stabilized occupancy and operating expenses as of the beginning of the prior year.  For the period ended June 30, 2012, the Established Communities are communities that are consolidated for financial reporting purposes, had stabilized occupancy and operating expenses as of January 1, 2011, are not conducting or planning to conduct substantial redevelopment activities and are not held for sale or planned for disposition within the current year.  A community is considered to have stabilized occupancy at the earlier of (i) attainment of 95% physical occupancy or (ii) the one-year anniversary of completion of development or redevelopment. While we establish the classification of communities on an annual basis, we may update the classification of communities during the calendar year to the extent that our plans with regard to the disposition or redevelopment of a community change during the year.

 

·                        Other Stabilized Communities are all other completed communities that we own or have a direct or indirect ownership interest in, and that have stabilized occupancy, as defined above.  Other Stabilized Communities do not include communities that are conducting or planning to conduct substantial redevelopment activities within the current year. While we establish the classification of communities on an annual basis, we may update the classification of communities during the calendar year to the extent that our plans with regard to the disposition or redevelopment of a community change during the year.

 

·                        Lease-Up Communities are communities where construction has been complete for less than one year and where physical occupancy has not reached 95%.

 

·                        Redevelopment Communities are communities where substantial redevelopment is in progress or is planned to begin during the current year.  Redevelopment is considered substantial when capital invested during the reconstruction effort is expected to exceed either $5,000,000 or 10% of the community’s pre-redevelopment basis and is expected to have a material impact on the operations of the community, including occupancy levels and future rental rates. While we establish the classification of communities on an annual basis, we may update the classification of communities during the calendar year to the extent that our plans with regard to the disposition or redevelopment of a community change during the year.

 

Development Communities are communities that are under construction and for which a certificate of occupancy has not been received.  These communities may be partially complete and operating.

 

Development Rights are development opportunities in the early phase of the development process for which we either have an option to acquire land or enter into a leasehold interest, for which we are the buyer under a long-term conditional contract to purchase land or where we control the land through a ground lease or own land to develop a new community.  We capitalize related pre-development costs incurred in pursuit of new developments for which we currently believe future development is probable.

 

We currently lease our corporate headquarters located in Arlington, Virginia under an operating lease. The lease term ends in 2020, subject to two five year renewal options.  All other regional and administrative offices are leased under operating leases.

 

As of June 30, 2012, communities that we owned or held a direct or indirect interest in were classified as follows:

 

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Table of Contents

 

 

 

Number of

 

Number of

 

 

 

communities

 

apartment homes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Communities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Established Communities: